Fitting Volutes and Volute Newels

The volute is available as left or right hand forms and is supplied with an up-ramp (not fitted).

   

3D Volute Staircase

Volute Staircase

There are four 1100mm spindles used in conjunction with the volute and the volute newel.

four spindles used in volute staircase
 

The first stage of building the volute is to fit the up-ramp to the volute.

3D Volute

up-ramp

The up-ramps are supplied overlong to suit the majority of staircase pitches and will need to be cut down to suit individual requirements.First, join the overlong up-ramp to the end of the volute using a dowel screw set.  (See Install Handrail on home page).

section through joining a volute to an up-ramp

The overly long up-ramp needs to be cut down.  To do this you must first make a pitch board which is a triangular piece of ply wood with the sides the same rise, going and pitch as a single step of the stairs, see below.

Pirch Board (Volute and Volute Newels)

Place the volute and handrail assembly onto a flat surface and offer the pitch board to the underside of the up-ramp.

At the centre where the hypotenuse of the pitch
 

At the centre where the hypotenuse of the pitch board touches the ramp mark with a pencil 'X' on the up-ramp.

Reverse the pitch board and align the marked point 'X' on the up-ramp with the B - C axis. 

Scribe a pencil line onto the up-ramp to give the angle of cut.

Scribe a pencil line onto the up ramp to give the angle of cut
 

Cut the up-ramp through this line to leave you with a finished volute and up-ramp assembly.  

The next stage is to fit the volute newel to the curtail step.

 

volute newel post

 curtail step used in volute staircases.

See the drawing below for a side elevation of the volute inside the curtail step.

 
Side elevation of the volute inside the curtail step
 

To do this you need a template of the volute.  If you don't have one then take a piece of paper and simply draw around the outside edge of the volute.

 
Mark a line on paper around the outside of the volute.
 

Turn the volute and the paper upside down and mark the centre line of the newel hole.  Put a small hole through this point so you can mark the centre line on the reverse of the paper.

mark the centre line of the newel post.
 

Place this paper template onto the assembled curtail step,  20mm from the front of the step and the centre line of the string of the staircase.

 
place this paper template onto the assembeld curtail step (fitting volutes and volute newels)
 

Bradle the centre point of the volute into the curtail step.  You can now drill a hole the same size as the volute.  Our volutes, at the base, are 64mm.

Drill a hole using an arbor and 64mm cutter.

Arbor 64mm

BAHCO 64mm 3830-64-C

 

Use these two, assembled to cut the 64mm hole in the curtail step.

 

Arbor 64mm & BAHCO 64mm combined

To look at purchasing these parts click this button.

See below for the finished hole.

64mm hole cut into curtail step (volute and volute newels)

Put the curtail step temporarily into place and mark around the base of the curtail step with a pencil and then remove the curtail step.

Fix, temporarily, the large wooden block roughly where the centre line of the newel post is on the floor.

 
place a temporary glue block (volutes and volute newels)
 

Reposition the curtail step. 

Take the bottom of the newel post, drive a screw into the centre of the newel and grind the screw to a point.

 
Drive a screw into the centre of the newel (Volutes and volute newels)
 

Put this newel back into the curtail step and when the newel is completely vertical (check with a spirit level), tap the top with a hammer so that it leaves an impression. 

Remove the screw with mole grips. 

Also remove the curtail step.

Draw around the wood block, then remove the temporary fixings and drill a 64mm hole, as above, through the wooden block. 

Replace the wooden block between the marked lines and re-fix, permanently see below:

 
permenantly fix a wooden block (Volute and volute newels)
 

Reassemble the curtail step and volute newel and it should look as the following

Please Note - Do not glue the volute newel into position yet.

Reassemble the curtail step and volute newel and should look like this (volute and volute newels)

 

You now need to cut the handrail to the correct length.

Place the handrail along the nosings of the staircase and place the handrail front face against the newel post as below:

 
handrail against nosing
 

Take the volute and up-ramp assembly and place it against the handrail in exactly the correct position i.e. 20mm from the front edge, put a spirit level up against the front edge of the curtail step. 

Make sure the volute is also level, put a spirit level on this as well. 

You will need several people to ensure that where you mark a line to cut on the handrail it is correct, see below

 marking out arrangement
 

See below again for a plan view of this marking out arrangement.

 
marking out arrangement for volute staircase
 

You should be able to now join the volute and up-ramp assembly directly to the handrail using a dowel screw set.  (See Install Handrail on home page).

 
join volute and up-ramp assembly
 

The next stage is to fit a base rail on the string and down the front of the string.  A plan view of this arrangement is as below:

 

staircase without baserail (volutes and volute newels)

fit baserails at the top of string

fit baserail at front of string

The next stage is to fit a base rail on the string and down the front of the string.  A plan view of this arrangement is as below:

fit baserails down front of string (volutes and volute newels)

Baserail

Then you can screw a long spindle against the string as a very secure method of fixing.  Below is a plan view of the end spindle fixed.

attach a spindle here with a strong fixing into the baserail
 

And below is a side elevation of this same arrangement.

fix this spindle firmly against the baserail
 

You can now temporarily peg the handrail into position.

Temporarily peg the tenon on the handrail into position (Volute and volute newels)
 

Measure the height of the volute newel and saw the bottom of the volute newel to the correct length.  This volute newel can now be glued into place.

this volute newel can now be fixed firmly into place
 

The four volute spindles can be cut to length but first the spindles can be marked into position as below. 

These are simply 110mm from centre to centre or as it pleases your eye.

 
mark the position of the four spindles
 

The volute spindles can be attached either by stub tenoning them on the top and bottom shoulders OR  they can be drilled and dowelled top and bottom.

The assembly so far should look as below:

all the volute spindles can now be fixed into place (Volute and volute newels)
 

All the spindles along the string can now be fixed into place for a complete handrail and volute assembly.

complete handrail and volute assembly

This completes one of the most difficult on site installation processes that you can find on a staircase.  However, if you follow the above instructions you should have a very strong and beautiful looking volute staircase.

Pear Stairs sell volutes and volute newels in all shapes and sizes but remember if you have any questions don't hesitate to phone us about your volute or volute newel choice.  We are a very friendly company, phone Pear Stairs on 01938 553311